Browsing articles in "kata artikel"

5 Cara melatih berpikir kreatif

Jun 28, 2012   //   by bepe   //   Blog, kata artikel  //  No Comments

“KREATIF” hanyalah sebuah kata pendek dan sederhana. Namun, berkat pemikiran kreatif, kesuksesan besar, semisal kemajuan teknologi, industri, dan bidang lain, terjadi. Tidak berlebihan bila dikatakan, berpikir kreatif merupakan kunci keberhasilan.

Lalu, bagaimana cara untuk bisa berpikir kreatif?

Berikut ini cara yang bisa di coba :

1. Berpikir, semua bisa dilakukan

Yakinlah, sesuatu yang akan kita kerjakan mampu kita selesaikan. Artinya, harus optimis. Buang ungkapan bernada pesimis.
Misal, “Saya mungkin bisa mengerjakan”. Ganti dengan ungkapan penuh optimisme. Contoh, “Saya pasti bisa mengerjakannya”, “Bagi saya tidak ada kata menyerah!”.

Pernyataan optimis melatih kita berani masuk ke persoalan. Pola pikir pun berkembang, karena dipaksa memeras otak untuk mewujudkan tekad itu.

2. Hilangkan cara berpikir konservatif

Pola berpikir konservatif ditandai dengan kekhawatiran untuk menerima perubahan, meski perubahan itu menguntungkan. Karena ingin mempertahankan gaya konservatif, perubahan ditanggapi secara dingin, bahkan dipersepsikan sebagai ancaman. Karena merasa nyaman atau diuntungkan dengan cara konservatif, ketika dituntut untuk mengubah pola pikir, kita takut akan mengalami kerugian.

Hendaknya disadari, cara berpikir konservatif memasung pemikiran kreatif karena pikiran dibekukan oleh sesuatu yang statis. Padahal dalam berpikir kreatif unsur statis semestinya dihilangkan. Mulailah berpikir dinamis, dengan terus mengolah pemikiran untuk menemukan pola pikir efektif.

Ada tiga cara mengurangi atau menghilangkan pola berpikir konservatif. Pertama, terbuka terhadap masukan. Masukan adalah bahan mentah sangat berharga. Lalu, kita mengolahnya menjadi “barang jadi” lewat pemikiran kreatif. Jadi, jangan takut dengan ide, usulan, bahkan kritik. Karena semua itu merangsang kita berpikir kreatif.

Kedua, mencoba pekerjaan atau hal di luar bidang kita. Untuk “memperkaya” diri, pola pikir juga perlu menghadapi sesuatu yang berbeda dari biasanya.

Ketiga, harus proaktif. Kita dituntut “menjemput bola” dalam menghadapi sesuatu, dan bukan “menunggu bola”. Bertindak proaktif berarti membuat diri bebas memilih tindakan, tentu berdasarkan perhitungan matang. Ini bisa terjadi kalau kita mempunyai kreativitas berpikir.

3. Tingkatkan kuantitas dan kualitas pekerjaan

Jangan cepat puas. Semakin cepat puas berarti menutup diri terhadap pekerjaan lain yang dapat memperkaya perkembangan pemikiran. Kesanggupan menerima pekerjaan lain, berarti kita membuka diri pada tantangan baru. Untuk itu kita dituntut berpikir cerdas dan efektif.

Dua hal perlu dilakukan. Pertama, tambah kuantitas pekerjaan. Artinya, tidak perlu mengeluh bila diluar kesibukan kita masih ada hal lain yang perlu diselesaikan. Keterbukaan untuk menerima tambahan pekerjaan membuat kita melatih diri. Apakah dalam situasi tertekan, kita masih mampu berpikir?

Yang berpikir kreatiflah yang mampu membangkitkan daya pikirnya.

Kedua, perbaiki kualitas hasil kerja. Ini mengandung makna, sekecil apapun pekerjaan, kita tidak boleh mengabaikan kualitas hasilnya. Karena dari kualitas pekerjaan itu tercemin mutu pemikiran kita. Artinya, kalau pekerjaan berkualitas, itu menunjukkan mutu daya pikir kita. Semakin berkualitas hasil pekerjaan kita, semakin berkualitas pula pola berpikir kita.

4. Perbanyak kebiasaan bertanya

Bertanya merupakan indikator bahwa pikiran kita masih “jalan” dan selalu dinamis. Dengan bertanya, berarti mencoba menguji daya kritis.
Kebiasaan bertanya jangan dipahami bahwa kita “tidak mengerti”. Tetapi harus dipahami sebagai munculnya dinamika pikiran.

Bertanya merupakan sarana melatih pengembaraan daya kreativitas. Dengan bertanya, pemikiran kita bertemu dengan pemikiran orang lain yang mengandung hal-hal baru, sehingga cakrawala berpikir kita semakin luas. Juga membuat kita tidak terpaku pada pemikiran diri sendiri. Sebaliknya, kita mencoba meyakinkan apakah pemikiran kita sejalan dengan pemikiran orang lain? Hal ini membuat kita semakin kreatif karena berusaha terbuka terhadap pemikiran dari luar.

5. Jadi pendengar yang baik

Menjadi pendengar yang baik berarti sanggup mendengarkan setiap informasi dari luar. Dengan demikian kita mempunyai “kekayaan”, banyak kesempatan untuk berpikir mengenai yang kita dengar.

Apabila ingin menanggapi yang kita dengar, sudah tersedia banyak konsep pikiran untuk digunakan. Menjadi pendengar yang baik berarti mengerti betul setiap informasi yang masuk ke alam pemikiran. Kita dituntut untuk berpikir kreatif, sehingga sanggup merespons sesuai yang dikehendaki oleh dunia luar.

Sumber: Majalah Intisari, no.462 – Januari 2002

Domain Name & Web Hosting

Apr 12, 2012   //   by bepe   //   Blog, kata artikel  //  No Comments

A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control on the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS).

Domain names are used in various networking contexts and application-specific naming and addressing purposes. In general, a domain name represents an Internet Protocol (IP) resource, such as a personal computer used to access the Internet, a server computer hosting a web site, or the web site itself or any other service communicated via the Internet.

Domain names are organized in subordinate levels (subdomains) of the DNS root domain, which is nameless. The first-level set of domain names are the top-level domains (TLDs), including the generic top-level domains (gTLDs), such as the prominent domains com, net and org, and the country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). Below these top-level domains in the DNS hierarchy are the second-level and third-level domain names that are typically open for reservation by end-users who wish to connect local area networks to the Internet, create other publicly accessible Internet resources or run web sites. The registration of these domain names is usually administered by domain name registrars who sell their services to the public.

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for other servers located in their data center, called colocation, also known as Housing in Latin America or France.

The scope of web hosting services varies greatly. The most basic is web page and small-scale file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a Web interface. The files are usually delivered to the Web “as is” or with minimal processing.[1] Many Internet service providers (ISPs) offer this service free to subscribers. Individuals and organizations may also obtain Web page hosting from alternative service providers. Personal web site hosting is typically free, advertisement-sponsored, or inexpensive. Business web site hosting often has a higher expense.

Single page hosting is generally sufficient for personal web pages. A complex site calls for a more comprehensive package that provides database support and application development platforms (e.g. PHP, Java, Ruby on Rails, ColdFusion, or ASP.NET). These facilities allow customers to write or install scripts for applications like forums and content management. Also, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is typically used for e-commerce.

The host may also provide an interface or control panel for managing the Web server and installing scripts, as well as other modules and service applications like e-mail. Some hosts specialize in certain software or services (e.g. e-commerce), which are commonly used by larger companies that outsource network infrastructure.

——
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Graphics Design

Apr 12, 2012   //   by bepe   //   Blog, kata artikel  //  No Comments

Graphic design is a creative process—most often involving a client and a designer and usually completed in conjunction with producers of form (i.e., printers, signmakers, etc.)—undertaken in order to convey a specific message (or messages) to a targeted audience. The term “graphic design” can also refer to a number of artistic and professional disciplines that focus on visual communication and presentation. The field as a whole is also often referred to as Visual Communication or Communication Design. Various methods are used to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages. A graphic designer may use a combination of typography, visual arts and page layout techniques to produce the final result. Graphic design often refers to both the process (designing) by which the communication is created and the products (designs) which are generated.

Common uses of graphic design include identity (logos and branding), publications (magazines, newspapers, and books), advertisements and product packaging. For example, a product package might include a logo or other artwork, organized text and pure design elements such as shapes and color which unify the piece. Composition is one of the most important features of graphic design, especially when using pre-existing materials or diverse elements.

——
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Webmaster

Apr 12, 2012   //   by bepe   //   Blog, kata artikel  //  No Comments

A webmaster (from web and master), also called a web architect, web developer, site author, or website administrator, is a person responsible for maintaining one or many websites. The duties of the webmaster may include ensuring that the web servers, hardware and software are operating correctly, designing the website, generating and revising web pages, replying to user comments, and examining traffic through the site. As a general rule, professional webmasters “must also be well-versed in Web transaction software, payment-processing software, and security software.” Due to the RFC 822 requirement for establishing a “postmaster” email address for the single point of contact for the email administrator of a domain, the “webmaster” address and title were was unofficially adopted by analogy for the website administrator.

Webmasters may be generalists with HTML expertise who manage most or all aspects of Web operations. Depending on the nature of the websites they manage, webmasters typically know scripting languages such as JavaScript, PHP and Perl. They may also be required to know how to configure web servers such as Apache HTTP Server (Apache) or Internet Information Services (IIS) and be a server administrator. Further, webmasters may also act as website designers on smaller-scale sites.

An alternative definition of webmaster is a businessperson who uses online media to sell products and/or services. This broader definition of webmaster covers not only technical aspects of overseeing website construction and maintenance, but also managing website content, advertising, marketing, and order fulfillment.

Core responsibilities of the webmaster may include the regulation and management of access rights of different users of a website, the appearance and setting up website navigation. Content placement can be part of a webmaster’s numerous duties, though content creation may not be.

Some webmasters of larger sites may also deal with heavy volumes of email, which are often questions related to the content on the website or general computer-related inquiries.

——
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia